Sports for people with disabilities

Founder of the sport:

Friedrich Ludwig Jahn

Wheelchair basketball was invented in 1946 in the United States as a way to rehabilitate World War II veterans. Sir Ludwig Guttmann, founder of the Paralympic Games, played a key role in the development of the sport, including it in the Paralympic Games in 1960 in Rome.



World champion in the coming years: Wheelchair basketball hosts both world championships and the Paralympic Games. At the last Paralympic Games 2020 in Tokyo, the British team won gold medals in the men's category, and the Netherlands team won gold medals in the women's category.

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Patrick Anderson (Canada)

considered one of the greatest players in wheelchair basketball history. He has won gold medals at the Paralympics and World Championships.


Dave Eng (Canada)

another outstanding player who contributed significantly to the success of the Canadian national team.


Marika Verger (Netherlands)

Leading player of the Dutch women's wheelchair basketball team, won gold at the 2020 Paralympic Games.

Paralympic sports – all sports in which competitions are held at the summer and winter Paralympic Games. In 2016, the program of the Summer Paralympic Games included 22 sports and 526 sets of medals[1], while the program of the Winter Paralympic Games included five sports and sports disciplines and about 72 sets of medals[2]. The number and types of award sets drawn may vary from one Paralympic Games to another.

The Paralympic Games are a major international multi-sport event for athletes with disabilities. These include athletes with limited mobility, amputations, blindness and cerebral palsy. Paralympic sports are organized sports events within the framework of the global Paralympic movement. These events are organized and held under the leadership of the International Paralympic Committee and international sports federations.

Wheelchair dancing is a Paralympic sport for people with disabilities.

According to the version of the International Paralympic Committee (IPC), they are divided into the 1st or 2nd categories (according to the severity of the injury of the athlete with a disability), the styles “Solo”, “Combi” and “Duet” and the performance program – Freestyle, Latin (Latin American program: samba, cha-cha-cha, rumba, paso-doble and jive) and/or European (waltz, tango, Viennese waltz, slow foxtrot, quickstep)[1].

From January 1, 2024. The International Paralympic Committee (IPC) has announced the transfer of management of the Paralympic sport Para dance sport to the Worldabilitysport organization.

Dance appeared in Great Britain in the late 1960s as a means of rehabilitation for people with musculoskeletal injuries. By the mid-1970s, they had spread throughout Europe. Since 1998, wheelchair dancing has been supervised by the International Paralympic Committee, although it is not part of the Paralympic Games program. In 1997, an official international competition (European Championship) was held in Sweden. The World Championship was held in Japan in 1998.

Today, more than 45 countries of the world participate in this sport.


“Combi” in a pair, an athlete with a disability and an athlete without a disability participate.

“Duet” is a pair involving two athletes with disabilities.

Several sports techniques:

Standing throw

one of the basic techniques, requires the ability to maintain balance and accurately throw the ball into the hoop while sitting on a wheelchair.

Defending and tackling the ball

important elements of the game, including blocking the opponent and intercepting the ball.

Flick-flManeuvering in a wheelchair (back handspring)

the ability to quickly and efficiently move around the court in a wheelchair, changing direction and speed to bypass opponents or take an advantageous position.

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